Speech & Reading Disorders

Staten Island Speech and Counseling

Reading Instruction Information

Orton Gillingham Methodolgy/Approach: Orton Gillingham is a systematic approach to teaching reading to individuals of all ages who struggle with decoding and spelling words, for various reasons. An Orton Gillingham approach utilizes all 5 senses during reading instruction, so that strong connections between speech sounds and symbols and rules that govern spelling and reading become automatic. This multi-sensory, and repetitious approach to learning reading has been statistically found to be effective with people of all ages who have difficulty reading do to learning disabilities, speech and language delays/disorders, as well as with dyslexics.

Speech and Language Disorders and Diseases

According to The American Speech Language and Hearing Association when a person is unable to produce speech sounds correctly or fluently, or has problems with his or her voice, then he or she has a speech disorder. Difficulties pronouncing sounds, or articulation disorders, and stuttering are examples of speech disorders.

When a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings completely (expressive language), then he or she has a language disorder. A stroke can result in aphasia, or a language disorder.

Both children and adults can have speech and language disorders. They can occur as a result of a medical problem or have no known cause.  (American Speech and Hearing Association)

Childhood Speech and Language disorders

Childhood Apraxia of Speech– A disorder that causes difficulty in the motor planning process of producing speech. Though no physiological issue is present, those with Apraxia of speech have difficulty planning the necessary sequence.

Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders – Speech disorder directly coralated with deformity/malformation of the mouth or oral cavity features.

Speech Sound Disorders: Articulation and Phonological Processes– Child has difficulty growing out of normal early childhood speech patterns exhibited by appropriately developing toddler or preschool child.

Stuttering– Difficulty with fluently saying words and or sentences.

Voice–  A disorder that effects the way the voice sounds (this could be medical or psychological in origin).

ASHA (American Speech and Hearing Association)